Government Response to the Select Committee Report: The Future of Public Parks
Response by Dave Morris, Chair, National Federation of Parks and Green Spaces
The Government has announced its response to the growing chorus of alarm over the under‐funding crisis facing the UK’s public green spaces. It at last acknowledges the need for action to safeguard parks, but has not committed any additional funding so desperately required for park management and maintenance throughout the country. So, what kind of action is being mooted, and is it the start of a genuine debate over what’s really needed to address the seriousness of the deteriorating situation?
The Government has also committed to work with the green space sector. It has invited the NFPGS and eight other key green space national organisations to form a Parks Action Group to liaise with them over a range of issues flagged up by the Select Committee of MPs in their Public Parks report in January 2017. The NFPGS will be participating to ensure the voices of the Friends Groups movement will be heard loud and clear on behalf of the UK's green spaces.
The Government’s Announcement
On Tuesday 19 September 2017, the Minister for Parks Marcus Jones announced the Government’s response to the recommendations of the MPs’ Select Committee ‘Future of Public Parks’ National Inquiry Report published in February 2017. Basically, it accepts or welcomes some points, notes others and kicks the rest into the long grass!
The NFPGS and the Parks Action Group
The Minister has invited the NFPGS and eight other key greenspace sector bodies (The Parks Alliance, Heritage Lottery Fund, Groundwork, Fields In Trust, Local Govt Association, Association of Public Service Excellence, National Trust and Natural England) to develop a Sectorial Parks Action Group (PAG) to help ensure the agreed recommendations are discussed and implemented. The Minister stated: “We recognise the value of parks and green spaces to local communities but we need to do more to make sure future generations are continuing to enjoy their benefits. That’s why we have announced a new expert‐led Parks Action Group to work closely with the sector to find the right solutions.”
The PAG’s first meeting will be chaired by the Minister. The PAG will be a consultative and collaborative process and one with a remit to include skills, networking, knowledge and good practice, sharing resources and delivery models, valuing green space, data evidence and collection, and equality of access to open space. It will be expected to make proposals to a soon‐to‐be‐formed cross‐government group of seven Government departments.
The NFPGS is the only community‐level organisation in the PAG. This recognition is a testament to the hard work of tens of thousands of grassroots activists in local Friends Groups throughout the UK, and our growing coordination and influence at local, regional and national levels. As the umbrella organisation for what is now a dynamic movement of over 6,000 local groups, the Minister welcomes any opportunities to work in partnership with others and the Government to safeguard and improve all our public parks and green spaces. Such spaces, around 27,000 across the UK, are vital to every community and need to be properly resourced, managed and protected for current and future generations. The NFPGS is determined to ensure the voices of our communities are heard loud and clear at Government level.
The Select Committee’s Recommendations, and the Government’s Response
The ‘Future of Public Parks’ Select Committee MPs’ Inquiry, which the NFPGS and others had lobbied and campaigned for, took place at the end of 2016. It resulted in a shocking Report in January 2017 which demonstrated that public green spaces are essential facilities that all sections of every community treasure and depend on, but that these vital but vulnerable spaces are being plunged into crisis by savage government cuts to public services.
The NFPGS, like many other local and national bodies and 322,000 petitioners, called for the Inquiry to insist parks be made a statutory service ‐ as the previous Committee Inquiry had done in 2003, although unfortunately not implemented.
The 2017 Report quoted the views of the NFPGS at length, and their explanation that such a duty would oblige Local Authorities to monitor local parks and ensure nationally‐accepted standards (i.e. Green Flag award standard) ‐ and that this would need to be backed up by adequate public funding. The Inquiry recognised this was a major proposed solution to the growing under funding crisis, but disappointingly stated: “We believe that other mechanisms are more likely to achieve the outcomes we all want to see.”
These other mechanisms included Local Authorities nominating senior elected members and officers to be parks champions, and very clear guidance to Local Authorities that they should work collaboratively with Health and Wellbeing Boards, and other relevant bodies where appropriate, to prepare and publish joint parks and green space strategies. If the guidance does not prove effective in raising the profile and priority afforded to parks, the Minister should consider legislating to place a statutory duty on Local Authorities to do this. However, without the status of being a properly funded statutory service, the NFPGS think these other mechanisms will be ineffective. The Minister’s response this week is to support, but unfortunately water down, the above recommendation even further.
Among its other responses, the Government:
- Recognised that parks should remain free for public use and stay in public ownership.
- Failed to commit any of the extra funding urgently needed throughout the country to ameliorate the budget crisis. But it welcomed the Select Committee’s recommendation that parks, and green infrastructure more widely, are properly recognised in the Government’s forthcoming twenty‐five‐year Environment Plan. The Minister expected planning inspectors to reject draft Local Plans if they haven’t appropriately assessed and planned for green infrastructure to meet health and well‐being needs alongside other functions. The Government said it is committed to be the first generation to leave the environment in a better state than they inherited it. No details on how this will be ensured with regard to the funding and protection of the UK’s public green space, have yet been provided.
- Will fund the PAG (£500k) and the cross‐governmental group to support the delivery of the recommendations of the Select Committee, and are exploring opportunities for match‐funding from other government departments to deliver the best possible outcomes for the sector.
- Supported moves towards innovation, service transformation, best practice and varied and diverse models of management and funding. These can be used as code words for the promotion of alternatives to Local Authority direct management and Government funding responsibilities.
- Welcomed the enthusiasm of volunteers and the range of ways in which they can contribute to their parks.
NFPGS notes the Select Committee MPs had concluded in January 2017 that they should return to the issue of parks before the end of this Parliament to assess the progress which has been made. They don’t believe the actions agreed so far will result in the greater funding levels needed, and so to reverse the ever‐worsening crisis there will be no alternative but for the Government to make the management of parks a statutory service. If not, things will continue to spiral out of control until the Government takes seriously its responsibility for causing and solving the current situation.
The Select Committee MPs praised the work of the Friends Groups movement and welcome their calls for all to help the movement grow including a call for Local Authorities to encourage, support and work with local Friends of Parks Forums covering every LA area ‐ a key aim of the NFPGS. The Minister welcomes this recommendation. The NFPGS will explore how local authorities can work with groups such as Friends Forums, and look at what more can be done to mobilise local people to form Friends Forums and actively support the sustainability of local parks. They also pledge to continue to speak out, and to strengthen the grassroots efforts to defend and improve the UK’s green spaces.